Gum Disease in Diabetes
Gum disease is also called periodontal gum disease, is the most common and serious mouth problem related to diabetes. If untreated, inflamed gums cause tooth loss. Initially, gingivitis, a mild inflammation around your teeth develops when plaque and tartar build up on your teeth near your gum line. As a result, your gums may become red and swollen, and may bleed easily. If untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, an infection of the gums and bone that hold your teeth in place. Your gums may get thinner and shrink, and slowly become infected. The infection causes break down of the bone and tissue that hold your teeth in place. If periodontitis is not treated, the teeth can become loose and may even need to be removed.
How will I know if I have mouth problems from diabetes?
- the gums are red, swollen and bleeding
- loose teeth
- increasing spaces between your teeth
- dry mouth
- bad breath that doesn’t go away when you brush your teeth
These mouth problems and tooth loss, can make it harder for you to manage your diabetes.